# Command-line quick start
If you're command-line savvy and just want to get up and running with IPFS right away, follow this quick-start guide. Please note that this guide assumes that you'll be installing Kubo, the reference implementation written in Go.
Don’t want to use the command line right now? Give the desktop-app implementation of IPFS a try. It also does all the steps listed on this page automatically, so you can run IPFS from the terminal later whenever you want. Download IPFS Desktop now (opens new window)
If you have not yet installed Kubo, follow the install instructions.
# Initialize the repository
ipfs stores all its settings and internal data in a directory called the repository. Before using IPFS for the first time, you’ll need to initialize the repository with the
ipfs init command:
Be careful with
sudo on Unix platforms (including macOS)! If you run
sudo ipfs init, the repository will be created for the
root user instead of your local user account. IPFS doesn't need root privileges, so it's best to run all
ipfs commands as a regular user!
ipfs init > initializing ipfs node at /Users/jbenet/.ipfs > generating 2048-bit RSA keypair...done > peer identity: Qmcpo2iLBikrdf1d6QU6vXuNb6P7hwrbNPW9kLAH8eG67z > to get started, enter: > > ipfs cat /ipfs/QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG/readme
If you are running on a server in a data center, you should initialize IPFS with the
server profile. Doing so will prevent IPFS from creating a lot of data center-internal traffic trying to discover local nodes:
ipfs init --profile server
There are a whole host of other configuration options you may want to set — check the full reference (opens new window) for more.
The hash after
peer identity: is your node’s ID and will be different from the one shown in the above output. Other nodes on the network use it to find and connect to you. You can run
ipfs id at any time to get it again if you need it.
Now, try running the command suggested to you in the output of
ipfs init. The one that looks like
ipfs cat /ipfs/<HASH>/readme.
You should see something like this:
Hello and Welcome to IPFS! ██╗██████╗ ███████╗███████╗ ██║██╔══██╗██╔════╝██╔════╝ ██║██████╔╝█████╗ ███████╗ ██║██╔═══╝ ██╔══╝ ╚════██║ ██║██║ ██║ ███████║ ╚═╝╚═╝ ╚═╝ ╚══════╝ If you see this, you have successfully installed IPFS and are now interfacing with the ipfs merkledag! ------------------------------------------------------- | Warning: | | This is alpha software. use at your own discretion! | | Much is missing or lacking polish. There are bugs. | | Not yet secure. Read the security notes for more. | ------------------------------------------------------- Check out some of the other files in this directory: ./about ./help ./quick-start <-- usage examples ./readme <-- this file ./security-notes
You can explore other objects in the repository. In particular, the
quick-start directory which shows example commands to try:
ipfs cat /ipfs/QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG/quick-start
# Take your node online
Once you're ready to join your node to the public network, run the ipfs daemon in another terminal and wait for all three lines below to appear to know that your node is ready:
ipfs daemon > Initializing daemon... > API server listening on /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/5001 > Gateway server listening on /ip4/127.0.0.1/tcp/8080
Make a note of the TCP ports you receive. If they are different, use yours in the commands below.
NEVER EXPOSE THE RPC API TO THE PUBLIC INTERNET
The API port provides admin-level access to your Kubo IPFS node. See RPC API v0 docs for more information.
Now, switch back to your original terminal. If you’re connected to the network, you should be able to see the IPFS addresses of your peers when you run:
ipfs swarm peers > /ip4/188.8.131.52/tcp/4001/p2p/QmaCpDMGvV2BGHeYERUEnRQAwe3N8SzbUtfsmvsqQLuvuJ > /ip4/184.108.40.206/tcp/4001/p2p/QmSoLju6m7xTh3DuokvT3886QRYqxAzb1kShaanJgW36yx > /ip4/220.127.116.11/tcp/1035/p2p/QmWHyrPWQnsz1wxHR219ooJDYTvxJPyZuDUPSDpdsAovN5 > /ip4/18.104.22.168/tcp/4002/p2p/QmdXzZ25cyzSF99csCQmmPZ1NTbWTe8qtKFaZKpZQPdTFB
These are a combination of
Now, you should be able to get objects from the network. Try:
ipfs cat /ipfs/QmSgvgwxZGaBLqkGyWemEDqikCqU52XxsYLKtdy3vGZ8uq > ~/Desktop/spaceship-launch.jpg
Using the above command, IPFS searches the network for the CID
QmSgv... and writes the data into a file called
spaceship-launch.jpg on your Desktop.
Next, try sending objects to the network, and then viewing it in your favorite browser. The example below uses
curl as the browser, but you can open the IPFS URL in other browsers as well:
hash=`echo "I <3 IPFS -$(whoami)" | ipfs add -q` curl "https://ipfs.io/ipfs/$hash" > I <3 IPFS -<your username>
Cool, huh? The gateway served a file from your computer. The gateway queried the Distributed hash table (DHT), found your machine, requested the file, your computer sent it to the gateway, and the gateway sent it to your browser.
Depending on the state of the network,
curl may take a while. The public gateways may be overloaded or having a hard time reaching you.
You can also check it out at your own local gateway:
curl "http://127.0.0.1:8080/ipfs/$hash" > I <3 IPFS -<your username>
By default, your gateway is not exposed to the world. It only works locally.
# Web console
You can view the web console on your local node by going to
localhost:5001/webui. This should bring up a console like this:
The web console shows files that are in your Mutable File System (MFS). MFS is a tool built into the web console that helps you navigate IPFS files in the same way you would a name-based file system.
When you add files using the CLI command
ipfs add ..., these files are not automatically available within the MFS. To view files in IPFS Desktop that you added using the CLI, you must copy the files over to the MFS:
ipfs files cp /ipfs/<ipfs-CID>
# IPFS Companion
While we are at it, IPFS Companion (opens new window) is a browser extension that simplifies access to IPFS resources and adds support for the IPFS protocol.
It will automatically redirect IPFS gateway requests to your local daemon so that you are not relying on or trusting remote gateways.
- Direct download (opens new window)
- Install from Firefox Add-ons (opens new window)
- Install from Chrome Store (opens new window)
# Check your Go version
IPFS works with Go 1.12.0 or later. To check what go version you have installed, type
go version > go version go1.12.2 linux/amd64
If you need to update, we recommend you install from the canonical Go packages (opens new window). Package managers often contain out-of-date Go packages.
# Check that FUSE is installed
You need to install and set up FUSE in order to mount the file system. For more details on setting up FUSE, see github.com/ipfs/kubo/blob/master/docs/fuse.md (opens new window)